Sir Edward de Bohun

Royal Descent:

Edward I, King of England m. 1) Eleanor of Castile

1. Princess Elizabeth Plantagenet (1282-1316) m. 2) Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford (1277-1322)

Sir EDWARD DE BOHUN of Sherston

Birth:      abt 1309      Caldicot Castle, Monmouthshire, Wales

“Apud Caldecot, duo gemelli nobiles, Edwardus et Willielmus” [Walden Abbey Cartulary].1 CP states the twins were born “about 1312”, but we know their sister Margaret was born in 1311, and the Llanthony Priory Cartulary states that the twins and Eleanor were born prior to Margaret. Two March of Wales IPMs [one at Hay-on-Wye, taken 19 Feb. 1336, and the other taken at Huntington 18 Feb. 1336] for the 5th Earl of Hereford return his heir Humphrey as “aged 26 years on the feast of St. Nicholas last.”2 But given the chronology of the Bohun children, this date fits much better for the birth of the twins, and since they were known to be born in Wales, it may be that the jurors were returning their date of birth instead of that of their elder brother.

Baptism:

Edward was named for his royal maternal grandfather, Edward I, King of England.

Death:      Nov 1334      Scotland

“Hoc anno circa festum Sancti Martini, dominus Edwardus de Boun, frater comitus Herfordiae, miles strenuissimus, fuit submersus in marchis Scotiae, dum voluit liberasse domicellum suum fugantem praedam animalium per aquam, ita quod neuter evasit” [Annales Paulini]3; “8 Nov. 1334, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Order to John de Peyto the younger, escheator…to take into the king’s hand the lands late of Edward de Bohun, deceased, tenant in chief” [CFR 1327-1337]. The feast of St Martin is November 11th, but the order to take his lands into the king’s hand was issued on November 8th.

Burial:      Walden Abbey, Essex

“Cujus corpus in capella beatae Mariae apud Walden” [Walden Abbey Cartulary].1

Spouse:

Margaret de Ros

Marriage:      27 Jan 1332

Date is of marriage contract: “Enrolment of indenture between the preceding parties, whereby Edward agrees to marry Margaret, daughter of the said William, and to enfeoff her for her life of the manors of Upavene and Sende, co. Wilts, or of 200 marks of land at a good extent, and to purchase the king’s charter of permission to do so, and William grants that Margaret shall live (demoere) at his costs for a year after the marriage, and Edward agrees to cancel the preceding recognisance upon payment of 2000l., and grants that if he fail to marry Margaret through his own fault, and do not enfeoff her as above, the aforesaid recognisance shall be annulled. Dated at Westminster, 27 January, 6 Edward III.  Memorandum, that William and Edward came into chancery at Westminster, on 27 January, and acknowledged the preceding indenture” [CCR 1330-1333, p. 529].

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Sources

1. Sir William Dugdale, Monasticon Anglicanum: a History of the Abbies and other Monasteries, Hospitals, Frieries, and Cathedral and Collegiate Churches, with their Dependencies, in England and Wales, Volume 4, Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme & Brown (London: 1823), pp. 139, 141.

2. Calendar of Inquistions Post Mortem and Other Analogous Documents Preserved in the Public Record Office: 10-20 Edward III (1336-1346), Volume 8, Her Majesty’s Stationary Office (London, 1913).

3. Chronicles of the Reigns of Edward I and Edward II, Volume 1, William Stubbs (ed.), Rolls Series 76 Volume 1, Longman & Co. (London: 1882), p. 363.