Marguerite of France, Queen of England

MargueriteFranceEngland2

Birth:      1279      France

“Memorandum que le jour nostre Dame sa nativite par jour de Mardi en l’an le Rey xxvij. ariva Dame Meregrete, la fille Felipe Rey de Fraunse, a Dowere, e lendemeyn wint a Canterberi, e le Jeudi preseyn après wint Edward Rey d’Engleterre en l’eglise de la Trinité de Canterberi e espousa l’awandite Meregrete Reyne d’Engleterre d’age de xx. ans”1; “Margaret was 20 when she married in September 1299”2.

Baptism:

No record survives of Marguerite’s christening, but she was no doubt named for paternal grandmother Marguerite of Provence, Queen of France, who did not die until 1295, and may have served as a godparent.

Death:      14 Feb 1318      Marlborough Castle, Wiltshire

“18 April 1318, Windsor. Grant to Thomas, earl of Norfolk and Marshal of England, and Edmund de Wodestok, the king’s brothers, executors of the testament of queen Margaret, towards the execution of such testament, of all goods and chattels which she held on 14 February last, the day of her death” [CPR 1317-1323].

Burial:      1318      Franciscan (Grey) Friars church, London

“In pimis de Choro. It in medio ante magnu altar jacet nobilis dna Margareta filia Philippi filii sci Ludowici Rege Fracie. Et ux Edwardi pimi Secunda, et pima fundatrix nove ecclie nre. Qui obiit 14 die mi februarij ao di 1317” [MS. Cott. Vitellius F. XII, f.273, 1531]3; “She was buried in the Grey Friars priory in London, to the construction of which she had contributed 2000 marks in 1306, and a further 100 marks in her will. Her body was buried before the high altar, wrapped in the conventual robe of the Franciscans. Her tomb was sold by Sir Martin Bowes about 1550, when the Franciscan priory became a parish church.”4

Occupation:      Queen of England 1299-1307

Spouse:

Edward I, King of England

Marriage:      10 Sep 1299      Canterbury Cathedral, Kent

“Et in crastino Nativitatis Beate Mariae venit Cantuariam, et vto idus Septembris dominus Robertus Cantuariensis archiepiscopus celebravit sponsalia inter regem et Margaretam in ostio ecclesiae versus claustrum, juxta ostium martyrii Sancti Thomae. Et subsequenter celebravit missam sponsalium ad altare feretri Sancti Thomae”5; “An interlude in the political wrangling occurred on 10 September 1299, when Edward married Margaret of France at Canterbury, in a ceremony conducted by Archbishop Winchelsey, who was, at least briefly, on relatively good terms with the king. The bishops of Durham, Winchester and Chester were present, as were the earls of Lincoln, Warenne, Warwick, Lancaster, Hereford and Norfolk, along with a host of other magnates. After the ceremony, there was a splendid feast, with entertainment provided by a host of minstrels. The festivities took three days in all.”6

Children:

Thomas of Brotherton (1300-1338)

Edmund of Woodstock (1301-1330)

Eleanor of Winchester (1306-1310)

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Sources

1. Liber de Antiquis Legibus: Cronica Maiorum et Vicecomitum Londoniarum, Thomas Stapleton (ed.), Camden Society Publications Volume 34  (London: 1846).

2. John Carmi Parsons, “The Intercessionary Patronage of Queens Margaret and Isabella of France,” Thirteenth Century England VI: Proceedings of the Durham Conference, 1995, 1997.

3. John Gough Nichols, “Register of the Sepulchral Inscriptions Existing Temp. Hen. VIII. in the Church of the Grey Friars, London,” Collectanea Topographica et Genealogica, Volume 5, 1838.

4. John Carmi Parsons, “Margaret [Margaret of France], Queen of England,” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 2004.

5. The Historical Works of Gervase of Canterbury, Volume II: The Minor Works, William Stubbs (ed.), Rolls Series Volume 73 Part 2 (London: 1880).

6. Michael Prestwich, Edward I, Yale English Monarchs (New Haven: 1988).