User Guide

[From MS. Lat. liturg. d.42, f.47r, Bodleian Library]

The Royal Descent website is designed to provide hours of fun and productive research.

  Edward I of England, each of his descendants, and their spouses, has his/her own file within the database.


This is the ‘Home Page’ of the individual, which is made up of the following information:

 Royal Descent

The individual’s line of descent from the most recent English monarch, in numbered steps.  For individuals with multiple descents from the said monarch, the most patrilineal line possible is presented.

 Coat of Arms

The individual’s patrilineal coat of arms, when applicable and available.

 Name & Title

All given names, surname, and the predominant title used by the individual.  Surnames for medieval monarchs, their spouses and their children are usually that of their country (ie., ‘England’ instead of ‘Plantagenet’, ‘France’ instead of ‘Valois’).  Women are given by their maiden surname whenever known, followed by their title and/or married surname.  In the cases of women who married more than once, the surname with the highest precedence/status, and/or used for the longest period of time, is favoured.  If a male landholder did not have a title, then his chief place of residence is given (ie., ‘of Parham’, ‘of London’).  In almost all cases, the numbering of English peerage titles follows those in Complete Peerage.  Spelling of first names is anglicized and modernized wherever possible.  That of surnames is modernized as well, using the spellings adopted by the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography and the History of Parliament series.  For the children of English peers born subsequent to 1600, all modern honorifics are used.


Whenever available, a likeness, as close as possible to the timeframe of the individual’s lifetime, is included.


The date (day, month, year) and place, including county and (outside of England), country, of the birth of the individual.  The source for the date and place of birth is also given and, in most cases, quoted.  If the date is an estimate, an explanation is provided.  The source will hopefully be as contemporary and authoritative to the event as possible.


When available, the date and place of baptism is provided.  Parish churches are given in full (ie., ‘All Saints church, Bradley, Staffordshire’ instead of ‘Bradley Church, Staffordshire’).  The source used will be as authoritative and contemporary to the event as possible and, in most cases, quoted.


Same criteria as for Birth above.  The date is that of the actual death, unless otherwise specified.  For individuals whose date of death can only be determined by the range from the date the individual’s will was written to the date it was proved, the latter date is used.


Same criteria as for Baptism above.  If there is Monument Inscription (M.I.) to the individual, it is provided or linked.  In most cases for individuals whose remains have been translated to another burial place, the original place of burial is the one given.


The most subjective field on the Sheet Page, carried over from the Royal Descent database.  If the individual was a monarch or peer, or the spouse of one, their title is given as Occupation.  The years are those that the title/peerage was held, and are for the most part taken from Complete Peerage and Complete Baronetage.  For individuals who were not titled and sat in the House of Commons, their districts and the years of their election are provided under Occupation.  Individuals who were not peers, nor members of Parliament, have the most prestigious, and/or longest, held office listed as Occupation.


The coat of arms (when applicable and available), given name, surname (for females, this is the maiden name when known), predominant title (or residence), father’s name, his years of birth and death, and mother’s name with her years of birth and death, are given for each spouse of the individual, in order of marriage.  If the Sheet Page is for an Individual who was not descended from Edward I (so therefore a spouse of a descendant), some limited information on any other spouses of the Individual is provided.  Children, however, are only listed if they are of the Edward I bloodline.


The date and place of marriage, using the same criteria as those of birth, death, baptism and burial above.  The source used will be as authoritative and contemporary to the event as possible, and in most cases, quoted.  The date is that of the marriage ceremony, unless otherwise specified.

 Conjugal Partners

Following the marriages is information on any of the Individual’s conjugal relationships from which issue resulted, in best determined chronological order.  The information provided for conjugal partners is the same as that provided for spouses.


All known children of the union between the Individual and each spouse/conjugal partner are listed in the best-determined order of birth.

Additional details for each Individual are provided on separate pages, accessed through the menu bar located under the Individual’s name or image:


Royal Descent hopes to provide its own full biography of each Individual.  Until one is created, the biography will be taken from the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, or, if one doesn’t exist in that work, from the History of Parliament series.


For Individuals whose wills have survived, the most comprehensive and modern translation of the will available is given.


Each castle, honour and manor held is listed in alphabetical order, along with the dates of possession.  Detail as to how each manor was held, usually taken from the Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem and Victoria County History series, is also given.  Unless otherwise specified, properties are held in full and of manor-size or greater.  Knights’ fees, advowsons, and lesser holdings in other manors, are not listed.


Documents created during the lifetime of the Individual appear first, in best determined chronological order.  These are followed by secondary sources, in order of publication.

 Patrilineal Descendant Chart

The name, year of birth and year of death of all known patrilineal descendants, legitimate and illegitimate, of each Individual.


This section of the website will track the number of Edward I descendants by generation, and provide, as accurately as possible, a census of the descendants every fifty years, starting in 1350.  Other statistics of interest may appear.


Every Individual who has a Sheet in the website (all descendants of Edward I and spouses) will appear in the Name Index.  Royals (reigning monarchs, their spouses and children) are indexed under their first name, with all others indexed under the surname.  Married women are indexed under their maiden surname.  Medieval continental dynasties are indexed using the territory (ie., ‘Bar’, ‘Brabant’) as the surname.


Every place listed within the Lands section of each Individual is indexed alphabetically.  Clicking on the place will open a pop up box that includes a description, and a chronological list of the Individuals within the database who held it.

 The best way to get started within Royal Descent is to locate a specific individual, either by entering the name in the Search box on the website Home Page, or by finding the individual manually using the Name Index. Open the individual’s Sheet Page by clicking on the name.  Ancestors of the individual can be traced using the royal line of descent at the top of the page.  Descendants of the individual can be traced by clicking on the names of the children of the individual, or by opening the Patrilineal Descendant Chart for quick reference.


Please send any questions about using the Royal Descent website, or suggestions for making it easier to use, to